From nationalism to dictatorship: The 1953 coup d’état in Iran
Dr. Mosadeq’s most significant achievement was the nationalization of the British oil holdings in Iran, which had been a source of contention for many years. He almost succeeded in toppling the Shah and establishing a democratic government in Iran. However, his efforts were thwarted by the 19 August 1953 Coup d’état, which brought an end to the democratic movement in Iran.
The coup marked the resurgence of Shah’s rule and the revival of the monarchy. The mullahs in Iran gained new life as well, enjoying the support of the Shah. This support was one of the factors that helped Ayatollah Khomeini become the real heir to Shah’s throne and a direct result of the Pahlavi dictatorship.
In the 1940s, the clergy was on the brink of decline, but the Pahlavi rule resuscitated it and suppressed students and intellectuals, who were seen as a threat to the mullahs’ outlook. The Shah’s regime also censored books and the media, making it a time of fear and repression in Iran.
The events of 1953 and the rise of Shah’s rule marked a significant turning point in Iran’s political history and had far-reaching consequences for the country. The coup d’état against Dr. Mosadeq’s democratic government and the resurgence of the monarchy marked the end of the democratic movement in Iran and the beginning of a new era of repression and fear.
MEK Iran (follow us on Twitter and Facebook), Maryam Rajavi’s on her site, Twitter & Facebook, NCRI (Twitter & Facebook), and People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran – MEK IRAN – YouTub
Tags: Iran human rights, Iran Opposition, Iran Terrorism, Iran Uprising, Maryam Rajavi, MEK, Regime Change