MEK Iran: Regime Continues to Oppress Dissidents
The US Treasury Department announced new human rights-related penalties against a dozen Iranian officials on Tuesday, as well as secondary measures against any firms or financial institutions that conduct business with them. The sanctions were based on attacks on peaceful demonstrators and abuses of due process relating to the 2009 protests and the nationwide movement that erupted spontaneously in November 2019 in response to fuel price hikes.
The judiciary was managed by Ebrahim Raisi in 1988
The more recent rebellion occurred less than two years after a similar movement that popularised explicit calls for regime change in more than 100 cities and villages. The 2019 rebellion was significantly greater and included a broader demographic spectrum, prompting a frantic response from regime authorities. Security forces and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps fired on masses of protesters almost immediately, and the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) later reported that the dead toll from the crackdown had risen to almost 1,500 in just a few days.
The judiciary was managed by Ebrahim Raisi at the time of the rebellion, and he went on to become the Iranian regime’s president in June 2021. Based on his key roles in both the 2019 revolt and the massacre of 30,000 political prisoners during the summer of 1988, his presidential ambition sparked widespread outrage among Iranian activists and the Iranian diaspora.
Some regime critics have been warning about Raisi
Around the same time as the new US sanctions were announced, a group of 100 European Parliament members issued a statement calling on the European Union and its member states to acknowledge the 1988 massacre as a crime against humanity and genocide.
Some regime critics have been warning about Raisi’s administration’s propensity to accelerate various negative actions, including crackdowns on dissent and human rights violations, since before he was confirmed for the presidency. Over the last four months, events such as the increase in Iran’s already world-leading number of executions have undoubtedly corroborated those warnings. Since Raisi entered office in August, at least 150 prisoners have reportedly been hanged, and more death sentences have been issued for those accused of a wide range of “crimes,” including some who took part in the 2019 uprising.
There is no legal documentation of the death sentence
The family of Abbas Shelishat, also known as Abbas Daris, was recently informed verbally of his death sentence, following a legal process that allegedly relied on a forced confession obtained through torture. There is no legal documentation of the death sentence, which appears to represent the Iranian judiciary’s tendency to disregard its own laws in order to achieve a predetermined outcome, particularly in politically sensitive situations. During the 2019 uprising, Abbas Daris and his brother Mohsen were accused of killing an officer in a police counterterrorism unit, although substantial doubts about the case’s legitimacy remain, and the brothers’ supporters see the murder allegation as a pretext for revenge for their political actions.
Rajavi: in an online conference called for freedom
Last year, the UN’s special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran, Javaid Rehman, voiced concern about the practice in a report, but in the lack of substantial pressure on the regime, it appears to have escalated. The Ministry of Intelligence and Security has made threatening statements to activists and their families in recent weeks, as well as summoning a number of them to court and re-arresting several who were released following early protests.
Mrs. Maryam Rajavi, the NCRI’s President-elect, issued a prediction in July that the current cycle of crackdowns and unrest confirms. “In the new era, the hostility and enmity between the Iranian regime and society will intensify more than ever before,” she said at an online conference to promote freedom and democracy in Iran.
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