MEK Iran: 1988 Massacre Survivors
The People’s Mujahedin of Iran (PMOI / MEK Iran) as the most significant challenge to the theocratic regime was the main focus of the fatwa issued by the then Supreme Leader, Ruhollah Khomeini, that declared dissenters guilty of “enmity against God” and deserving of execution.
Death commissions were Tehran established in prisons and within months, they were responsible for an estimated 30,000 executions.
Newly inaugurated president Ebrahim Raisi is considered to be one of the main perpetrators of the 1988 massacre. He was only 21 years old at the time of the executions.
Raisi became a prominent member of the “death commission”
In the summer of 1988, Raisi became a prominent member of the “death commission” that oversaw the execution of political detainees. The majority of them were members of MEK.
According to a first-hand report from political prisoners, his expertise was his unwavering commitment to protecting the Supreme Leader and his corrupt regime at all costs.
Seyyed Jafar Mir Mohammadi
Seyyed Jafar Mir Mohammadi gave his testimony as a relative of victims of the regime during that time. According to Mohammadi, “My martyred brother Seyyed Aqil Mir Mohammadi was among the martyrs of the 1988 massacre.
In addition to this, two of my close relatives, Karimollah Moqimi, Hadi Kolayi, and Godratollah Moqimi Hadi Kolayi were executed in the 1988 massacre.”
The henchmen of the Death Committee
“My martyred brother was a second-year student at Tehran University. He was arrested on March 1, 1982, in his house in Pamenar Street. Later I heard that he was transferred to Evin Prison.
I heard from his friends that were released from prison in 1995 or 1996 and had traveled to Ashraf 1, that Aqil had received a 10-year sentence, and had already served 7 years of his sentence. But since he was committed to his ideal and remained loyal to his sentence, in 1988, he was executed in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj by the henchmen of the Death Committee, which was appointed by Khomeini.” Mohammadi said.
MEK supporters were subjected to severe torture
The Mojahedin organization maintained its structure after the leadership and hierarchy of all Islamic Republic opposition groups were dissolved, making it the most serious threat to the clerical regime. As a result of this, inmates claiming to be MEK supporters were subjected to severe torture and were held in deplorable conditions.
“In November 1988, I learned through my family that Aqil had been executed… they said that Aqil was severely tortured; he was thin and weak, and it was clear from his face that he was severely pressured and subjected to torture.” He continued, “During the preparations for the 1988 massacre… the weather was cold, they beat the prisoners with cables and batons and other instruments and severely wounded them.”
Sent to the gallows in a matter of minutes
Mohammadi explained how the ‘trials’ worked: Prisoners were asked if they still were followers of their ideals, and if their answer wasn’t convincing, they were sent to the gallows in a matter of minutes.
“After making the preparations, groups that defended and supported the MEK ideals, in several-minute show trials of the Death Committee, one of the main elements of which was Raisi, were sentenced to execution… In addition to the Death Committee, which is known, mullah Moqisseh, aka Nasserian, and his deputy Hamid Noury was directly participating in it.” Mohammadi added.
Raisi worked as a “handyman” for Khomeini
Raisi worked as a “handyman” for Khomeini, according to Iranian opposition activists, and was deployed to purge areas such as Lorestan, Kermanshah, and Semnan.
Hamid Noury was involved in the killings while working as an assistant to the deputy prosecutor in Karaj’s Gohardasht Prison. He was in charge of the assassination of a large number of persons. He is now facing trial in Stockholm, Sweden’s capital as a perpetrator of the 1988 massacre.