MEK Iran: The Trial of Hamid Noury
The trial of Hamid Noury, a perpetrator of the 1988 massacre of political prisoners, began in Sweden’s capital Stockholm on Tuesday. Hundreds of supporters of Iran’s biggest opposition group, the People’s Mujahedin of Iran (PMOI / MEK Iran), demonstrated outside Stockholm’s District Court as the trial began.
Hamid Noury was involved in the killing
As the assistant to the deputy prosecutor in Karaj’s Gohardasht Prison, Hamid Noury was involved in the killings. He was responsible for the execution of a great number of people. He was named as one of the culprits of the 1988 massacre by the Iranian Resistance several years ago.
Prior to that, he was a member of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and served as an interrogator and torturer in Tehran’s notorious Evin Prison for many years. Noury was sent to Gohardasht prison in Karaj, west of Tehran, in 1988, when he took part in the massacre of political detainees.
Death Commissions’ were formed in Tehran
‘Death Commissions’ were formed in Tehran and across Iran in response to Khomeini’s fatwa. The inmates were summoned before the Commission, where their fates were decided in a matter of minutes. Political prisoners who refused to give up their beliefs were sentenced to death.
Over the course of a few months, at least 30,000 political prisoners, most of whom were MEK members, were killed.
The 1988 victims were buried in secret mass graves
The victims were buried in secret mass graves, many of them had already served several years in prison and had even completed their sentences but had not been released.
The massacre implicated almost all of Iran’s regime’s leaders and top officials. Since then, the criminals have had complete impunity.
Noury was in charge of escorting inmates to the “Death Commission”
Noury was in charge of escorting inmates to the “Death Commission” and then to a location within the prison where they were executed. He personally executed a number of detainees.
Survivors of the massacre have testified that he told PMOI followers that anyone who continued to support the PMOI would be executed.
During a visit to Sweden in November 2019, Noury was detained
During a visit to Sweden in November 2019, he was detained by Swedish officials. On July 27, 2021, he was indicted after a 21-month inquiry.
Members and sympathizers of the MEK, who were witnesses to Noury’s crimes, testified before Swedish authorities and gave enough evidence and records during the investigation. The MEK is represented by the majority of the 35 plaintiffs in Noury’s case. Many of them saw Noury in the Gohardasht prison’s death corridor, where inmates were lined up to be transferred to the execution chamber.
Seven United Nations Special Rapporteurs
As the public campaign for victims’ justice, led by the Iranian Resistance, most notably the MEK inside Iran, has gained traction in recent years. Seven United Nations Special Rapporteurs wrote to the Iranian government on September 3, 2020, noting that the extrajudicial murders and forced disappearances of thousands of political prisoners in 1988 “may amount to crimes against humanity.” Should the dictatorship “continue to refuse to uphold its obligations under international human rights law,” the statement continues, “We call on the international community to take action to investigate the cases, including by establishing an international investigation.”