4 UN Rapporteurs issue a letter calling Iran’s regime to protect the rights of political prisoners
Four UN Rapporteurs wrote to Iran’s clerical regime, alleging that two political prisoners, Fatemeh Mosanna and her husband, Hassan Sadeghi, had their rights violated. The four UN Rapporteurs addressed Ebrahim Raisi’s government, giving them a 60-day deadline to respond to violations of the two political prisoners’ right to property and housing. According to UN rules, this letter, dated April 7, 2022, was made public and published on the UN website after a two-month delay.
“The arrest and conviction of Mr. Sadeghi and Ms. Mosanna, as well as the seizure of Mr. Sadeghi’s property, appear to be justified for their family affiliation with an alleged member of People’s Mojahedin of Iran (PMOI/MEK),” the four UN Rapporteurs said.”Due to the delay, this communication, as well as any response from your Excellency’s Government, will be made public via the communications reporting website.
” They will also be included in the standard report that will be presented to the Human Rights Council. While we wait for a response, we urge that all necessary interim measures be taken to stop the alleged violations and prevent them from happening again, as well as to ensure the accountability of any person responsible for the alleged violations if the investigations support or suggest the allegations are true.”
“After transmitting the information contained in the present communication to the Government, the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention may also transmit the case through its regular procedure in order to render an opinion on whether the deprivation of liberty was arbitrary or not,” the four UN Rapporteurs wrote in the letter.
“Mr. Hassan Sadeghi and Ms. Fatemeh Mosanna were arrested on January 28, 2013, for organizing a mourning ceremony for Mr. Sadeghi’s father, who was living in exile at the time of his death and was a member of the banned MEK political militant organization,” according to the letter. Mr. Sadeghi and Ms. Mosanna’s son and daughter, who were minors at the time, were also arrested and released after three and 45 days, respectively. Mr. Sadeghi and Ms. Mosanna were released on bail in the amount of 200 million tomans on February 11, 2014. During their pretrial detention, they were denied access to a lawyer of their choice.
“In 2015, Branch 26 of Tehran’s Revolution Court sentenced Mr. Sadeghi and Ms. Mosanna to 15 years in prison for supporting
ng MEK and ordered the seizure of Mr. Sadeghi’s personal property for “moharebeh” (taking up arms to take lives or property and to create fear in the public). Ms. Mosanna was arrested on September 30, 2015, and transferred to Evin Prison to serve her sentence. Mr. Sadeghi was apprehended while visiting Ms. Mosanna in Evin prison on February 7, 2016, and was transferred to Rajai Shahr Prison to serve his sentence.”
The UN Rapporteurs said, “we are particularly concerned at the use of the charge of Moharebeh in this connection, and the lengthy prison sentence imposed, as it targets the exercise of individual rights for mere family relations. We furthermore express serious concern at the confiscation and risk of eviction from their home of Mr. Sadeghi and Ms. Mosanna’s family without due process in accordance with international standards. The seizure of this home would likely put at risk of homelessness the family members, as well as Mr. Sadeghi and Ms. Mosanna themselves, upon their eventual release from prison.
Such evictions would be contrary to your government’s obligation to respect, protect and fulfill the right to an adequate standard of living, including housing, as well as the right to non-discrimination and the right to freedom from arbitrary or unlawful interference with one’s privacy, family and home. We are furthermore concerned that the overbroad wording of article 49 of the Constitution legalizes infringements on fundamental rights, and we call for steps taken to ensure its repeal.”